URBAN LEARNING - Integrative energy planning of urban areas
Collective learning for improved governance


The City of Stockholm has 0.95 million inhabitants in a metropolitan region of more than 2 million people. The city’s biggest energy system is the widespread district heating system that covers more than 85% of the heating demand. The major energy sources for district heating are renewables (> 75%). The total energy demand of the city (heating, electricity, transport) stagnates despite a growing number of inhabitants and companies, while CO2-emissions decrease. Currently a Stockholmer produces 3.2 ton CO2/year (within global CO2-footprint).

The City of Stockholm is growing strongly by 1.5% per year. Until 2030 around 140.000 new dwellings are to be planned and built. This new housing stock has to achieve energy standards of less than 50 kWh/y*m2 in order to approach near-zero-energy building standards.

Energy objectives

One of the present four major political goals for Stockholm’s development is to work towards a climate smart city. Within that, the City of Stockholm has set ambitious CO2 reduction and energy-efficiency goals to be achieved by 2040/2050:

  • Being a fossil fuel free city by 2040
  • Energy reduction / efficiency increase by 50% for city’s own building stock until 2050
  • Transport sector – switch to renewable fuels towards a fossil independent transport fleet 2030 (national goal)
  • Doubling of biogas production from waste and sewage by 2020
  • Abolishment of coal in district heating – 100% renewable as goal year 2020

The guiding documents for Stockholm’s development are the Vision 2040 which sets out the goals above and also describes how energy and climate objectives are connected to spatial development. The City Plan of 2010 (currently under revision) mentions the necessity of a compact city where settlement and transport/infrastructure development must go hand in hand. Important to mention is also Stockholm’s Road map towards a fossil fuel free city 2040. Read more on international.stockholm.se. 

Local working group Stockholm

The local working group works chiefly on the basis of the work in the city district Stockholm Royal Seaport. The group has a big significance for the entire City’s work as it spearheads the development of new energy solutions. It is a direct link to several of the Stockholm’s administrations and companies (e.g. energy company FORTUM, housing companies).

Objectives and tasks of the local working group in Stockholm are:

  • Using of energy related results and experiences of the Stockholm’s environmental profile area of Stockholm Royal Seaport
  • City wide spreading of the Stockholm Royal Seaport project’s results and experiences
  • Contribute to improve the consideration of energy related aspects on all planning levels within the City

The thematic focus of the local working group is energy mainly related to energy systems of buildings and districts but also office and energy related governance issues within the City of Stockholm.


See Stockholm's approaches towards integrative energy planning at one glance.